Dandruff is a common problem that affects many people. This chronic scalp condition leaves you with flaking skin on your scalp, which can be a bit embarrassing. While it’s not serious or a contagious problem, it can be tough to treat. The good news – usually it’s fairly easy to control dandruff with the right treatment.
Common Causes of Dandruff
If you’re dealing with a flaky scalp and bad dandruff, you may be wondering what’s causing it. Common causes of dandruff include:
- Failing to Wash Regularly – Failing to wash your hair regularly allows dead skin cells and oils to build up on the scalp, which can cause scalp issues like dandruff.
- Dry Skin – Dandruff caused by dry skin is usually smaller and not as oily as the flakes that results from other causes of dandruff. If your dandruff is caused by dry skin, you’ll probably notice dry skin on other body parts as well.
- Oily, Irritated Skin – Also known as seborrheic dermatitis, this condition involves greasy, red skin that’s covered with flaky yellow or white scales. Areas rich in oil glands, including the scalp, armpits, groin, and eyebrows, may be affected by seborrheic dermatitis.
- Sensitivity to Certain Haircare Products – Sensitivities to ingredients found in hair dyes or haircare products can result in contact dermatitis, which is characterized by an itchy, scaly, red scalp.
- Malassezia – Malassezia is a yeast-like fungus found on the scalps of many adults. However, it can irritate the scalp in some individuals, resulting in the growth of extra skin cells, which causes dandruff.
Risk Factors for Dandruff
While a flaky scalp can affect anyone, certain factors may increase your likelihood of dealing with dandruff, including:
- Being a Male – Men are more likely to deal with a flaking scalp, which is why many researchers believe that male hormones may have a role in causing the problem.
- Age – Usually this problem starts in young adults and goes on through middle age. While older adults don’t seem to be as susceptible, the problem can affect some individuals for their entire life.
- Specific Illnesses – It’s unclear why, but adults that have certain neurological diseases, including Parkinson’s disease, and those who have compromised immune systems, are more likely to deal with dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis.
- Oily Scalp and Hair – Since Malassezia feeds on the oils of the scalp, having hair and skin that’s excessively oily can increase your risk of embarrassing dandruff.
Treating Dandruff with Dandruff Shampoos
Most people find that they can control their dandruff with a good dandruff treatment. For mild dandruff, simply cleansing daily with a gentle, non-irritating shampoo can reduce the buildup of skin cells and oiliness, reducing the problem. However, if regular shampoos don’t solve the problem, dandruff shampoos that feature specific ingredients can provide results for moderate or severe flaking. Some of the medications included in dandruff shampoos may include:
- Salicylic Acid – Shampoos containing salicylic acid help to eliminate scaly flakes on the scalp, although they can lead to dryness that causes more flaking. It’s important to use a conditioner after using a shampoo containing salicylic acid to prevent dryness.
- Pyrithione Zinc – This ingredient is both an antifungal and an antibacterial that helps reduce fungus on the scalp that may cause seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff.
- Ketoconazole – A broad-spectrum antifungal agent, ketoconazole often works when other ingredients have failed.
- Tar – Coal tar can be used to treat conditions like seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff by slowing how quickly the scalps skin cells die and flake away. However, it may cause discoloration to the hair if your hair is light-colored.
- Selenium Sulfide – Selenium sulfide may reduce malassezia and slows the death of skin cells. However, it can discolor chemically colored, gray, or blond hair, so shampoos using this ingredient should be used only as directed and rinsed out very well after use.
The Best Shampoo for Embarrassing Dandruff
Dandruff is embarrassing and can leave you feeling frustrated, especially if you’ve tried anti-dandruff products with no results. If you’ve already tried shampoos for a flaky scalp with no results, Control Anti-Dandruff Shampoo by AG Hair Cosmetics will help or we will refund you 100% of your money. It includes zinc pyrithione, which works as an antifungal and antibacterial, as well as other ingredients that heal and moisturize the scalp, such as vitamin E, cucumber extract, and aloe vera. It’s used every day for a 10-day period, and then once a week to maintain your results if you have bad dandruff. Many salon clients report excellent results, and the shampoo not only eliminates bad dandruff, it deals with other scalp issues, leaving you with moisturized, healthy hair.